Since the use of electricity for mobility purpose, the bottleneck has always been how to store energy efficiently in terms of cost for storage components (e.g. Lithium based cells), in terms of power conversion from charging port into cells (e.g. power socket outlet) and in terms of environmental context, including recycling strategies. As the average production cost of an electric-powered vehicle consists almost half of the storage system, this had a big impact on pricing of electric vehicles available and, thus, the chance to offer a competitive surrogate to petrol powered competition was surprisingly low.
Nowadays, growing interest and invest volumes of the wide automobile industry and big players in the field of electric mobility has a considerable impact on the producers and suppliers of electrical components and battery cells, which not only could be able to forecast higher sales for their products but also had to unavoidably stay competitive in pricing. This made battery cells become cheaper and allowed to provide affordable e-mobility. Especially for urban regions, where there are high demands, density, and variety of means of transportation, this has become a very good alternative to petrol-powered vehicles – and will soon turn out to be more important and attractive.
In fact, this trend is driven by general advantages of e-mobility to petrol powered vehicles, such as:
- The possibility of regaining charge of energy via electricity at home instead of by petrol pump at service stations around you. This becomes handy especially when battery packs are compact enough to be removed from the vehicle and carried away separately to the next charging port or socket outlet.
- No noise, no abnormal heat, no waste of energy, and no direct emission while driving.
- Efficient energy utilization – reuse of energy is possible by using the main motor as a generator and regaining already used electricity
Despite any occurring direct impact while using the vehicles it was recognized that the indirect impact, such as the manufacturing of vehicles and power generation methods are crucial as well. Again, as one of the main topics, the energy storage systems have been concerned, but thanks to recent developments in production methods, the manufacturing of lithium cells can now be considered as sustainable:
- Sustainable production of lithium components without environmental impact could be implemented and has been standardized.
- Recycling process for material and components used in electric vehicles is mandatory for putting vehicles into circulation.
- Renewable energy generation as substitution of antiquated generation methods is providing environmental friendly electricity.
The trend of e-mobility is now coming into sight. The e-mobility is playing a major role in many automobile industries and drawing more attention which will represent a new technological innovation of the 21st century.
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